The journey took them to unknown areas of swamplands and deserts with a scorching sun overhead. Fear of being caught by the authorities or by thieves was their constant companion. The Israeli government made great efforts to convince the Sudanese ruler, Gaafar Nimeiry to allow the Ethiopian Jews that reached Sudan to continue to Israel. At first, the Jews were flown to Kenya and from there to Israel. In the second stage, the Jews were brought to a Sudanese shore that was readied for the mission, and from there they were taken to small waiting boats, which took them to Israeli navy boats that awaited them in the Red Sea. This method brought, 2000 Ethiopians to Israel in 1981. In 1984, 10,000 people were living in camps in Sudan, and the operation to save them went on for months. Towards the end of November, an extensive secret operation to bring the immigrants by plane was carried out – “Operation Moshe”. The immigrants were taken from Sudan to Europe and from there to Israel. The first airplane landed in Israel on November 21, 1984 and over the next month and a half, 7,000 immigrants arrived in Israel.
In January, 1984, the story of the operation leaked to the international press. The Sudanese emperor, who feared the reaction of the radical Arab states, stopped the operation. Following the intervention of the United States, the Sudanese emperor allowed the rescue of the last of the Ethiopian Jews in Sudan. The end of the operation resulted in divided families as some had made it to Israel, while others were still in Ethiopia. In the 1980s, approximately 16,000 Ethiopian Jews came to Israel.