>>>The People of the Third Aliyah
The People of the Third Aliyah 2018-02-19T22:11:57+00:00

The People of the Third Aliyah

Yitzhak Sadeh

(1890-1952)

Yitzhak Sadeh (Landoberg), who was nicknamed “the old man”, was a general in the IDF, a commander, a leader, an educator and a writer. He was one of the leaders of the Gdud HaAvoda and he was a member of the underground kibbutz. He was one of the Haganah’s founders, a founder of the Palmach and its first commander. He was one of the people who laid the foundation for the IDF and for Israel’s independence.
“A Russian soldier bears a Russian rifle; an English soldier bears an English rifle. Friends, who will bear a Hebrew rifle?” These words were spoken by Yitzhak Sadeh following the mass enlistment of Palmach soldiers to the British army in order to fight the Nazis.”

“Young people, listen! Somewhere, someone is holding our fate on a balance scale. And the sides of the scale go up and down, up and down. On one side – the Holocaust, the revival of Israel, and the wars of Israel. On the other side – political and business intrigues and they are very weighty. Youngsters, remember, when the time comes, throw yourselves onto the scale. Throw yourselves with strength and courage. It will be decisive; the weight will shift, Youngsters, listen!”
Sadeh2

Joseph Trumpeldor

(1880-1920)

Joseph Trumpeldor was a Jewish fighter. A socialist Zionist leader and a pioneer> His life, his heroism and his death in the Battle of Tel Hai made him a Zionist model and a national hero.
He was the first Jewish officer in the Russian army and he served in the Russia-Japan War in 1905. There he was injured and his arm was amputated.He came to Israel in 1912 and worked as a farmer. In World War I, he refused to accept Ottoman citizenship and was exiled to Alexandria, Egypt. He, together with Ze’ev Jabotinsky and others, founded the Gdud HaIvri during World War I. He took part in the Gallipoli Campaign as the second in command of the “Zion Mule Corps”. After the war, he returned to Russia where he was one of the founders of Hahalutz. In 1919, he returned to the Land of Israel. He was killed in the Battle of Tel Hai on March1, 1920.
“If war breaks out in the Land of Israel, they will surely make me a commander even though I am willing to serve there as a simple soldier. There, we will be in our home, not with strangers…”
“I believe the day will come, I will be tired and exhausted; I will look on my fields happily, in my land. And no one will say to me, “Go, despicable one; you don’t belong in this land. And if someone says that to me, I will defend my fields and my rights with my sword. And if I die in battle, I will be happy. I will know what I died for.”

A letter that he wrote to his brother. Shmuel 1911

Ze’ev Jabotinsky

(1880-1940)

Ze’ev (Vladimir) Jabotinsky was a Zionist leader, a writer, a poet, a translator, a journalist and a famous orator. He was one of the people who revived the Hebrew military: he was a founder of the Gdud HaIvri in the British army during World War I and a founder of an independent group for the protection of Jews in Odessa. He was the founder of Revisionist Zionism, the head of Beitar, the military leader of the Etzel and the president of HaTzohar (Union of Revisionist Zionists). He was one of the leading liberal Jewish philosophers of the modern period.

“The day will come when my people will be a great and free nation. All the colors of the rainbow will shine on the Land of Israel and its beautiful landscapes. The sweat of my people – my work is the work of one of the builders of a new temple to a single- God whose name is the people of Israel.”
“Everything that is Hebrew in us was given to us by Eretz Israel; everything else in us is not Hebrew. Israel and Eretz Israel are one; there we were born as a nation and there we matured. And when the storm came and threw us out of HaEretz, we could no longer grow, just as an uprooted tree cannot grow. And all our lives were dedicated to preserving our uniqueness which was created in Eretz Israel.”
Zionism and Eretz Israel 1904

zeev

“Two parts to my heart, two gates in my heart. One is for my people; the other is for culture, literature and the pen.”

jabo2

Henrietta Szold

(1860-1945)

Henrietta Szold was an educator, a social worker, a writer and a Zionist activist. She lived in the USA and later in the Land of Israel. She was the founder of the Zionist women’s organization, Hadassah and headed the organization Aliyat Hanoar (Youth Aliyah)
sold2
In 1920, she came to Israel on aliyah to coordinate the Zionist Health and Education Department. She founded the first school for nurses in Eretz Israel. In addition, she established Hadassah public clinics all over the country, establishing the basis for a health care network in Israel. Szold was the chairwoman of the Hebrew Women’s Organization. In 1931 she was chosen as the representative of The Union of Hebrew Women for Equal Rights to the third Assembly of Representatives. She also served as the head of the social worker services under the management of the Jewish National Council. One of her organizational decisions was to establish a Welfare Department (which today is known as The Department of Social Services), with offices all over the country. All of the Department’s social workers received professional supervision. By the time she died, 50 welfare offices had been established in the Yishuv. Szold’s actions and decision laid the groundwork for the principle of a welfare state in Israel. In 1932, after the Jewish Agency approved the idea of Youth Aliyah, which was the brainchild of Recha Freier, Szold was appointed head of the body. She served in this position until her death and was known as the “Mother of Youth Aliyah”. In this role she was responsible for the absorption of children and who came to Israel after the rise of Nazism in Germany, including the “Teheran Children”. She was responsible for placing them in suitable frameworks, an issue which caused a public debate. Szold decided that the children over 14 would have the right to choose which framework they wanted. Szold met with each of 400 of the younger children in order to clarify whether or not they came from religious homes in Poland so she could be certain she wasn’t causing them harm by sending them to an inappropriate school.

sold1

Rav Yesha’ayahu Shapira

(1891-1943)

admor

Rabbi Shapira was a Hassidic leader, a devoted Zionist and a leader of the Religious Zionist Labor Movement. He was born in Poland, the son of Rabbi Elimelech Shapira, the Rabbi of Grodzisk and Hannah Bracha (the daughter of the Rabbi of Hanchin. His brother was the Rabbi of Piaseczno, the author of The Students’ Obligation )Hovat haTalmidim) and one of the leaders of the Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto. He was murdered by the Nazis in 1943. In 1914, Rabbi Shapira secretly visited the Land of Israel and he was deeply impressed. Moreover, he was influenced by HaRav Kook whom he greatly admired. When he returned to Poland, he convinced many others to go to the Land of Israel on Aliyah, which caused strong opposition among fellow rabbis and within the Hassidic communities. He would appear in Hassidic communities and urge the people to make Aliyah. He was among the founders of the Mizrachi Movement in Poland. In 1920, he came to the Land of Israel on Aliyah and was one of the founders of the Poal HaMizrachi Movement in the Land of Israel and even headed the movement for several years.
The essence of the movement’s ideology can be found in Kol Koreh, which he wrote together with other rabbis.

“We want a life of work and productivity, based on the Jewish tradition. We cannot limit ourselves to spirituality and the world of Jewish law. On the other hand, we cannot suffice with nationalism and purely external matters, like language and land. We must not abandon our Torah, which is the basis of our national culture and character. We want a Judaism of Torah and labor, where Judaism and nature will be connected. Life and nation will not only be a tradition and a heritage, but will once again be a living vital heartfelt emotion. We aspire to return to the Hebrew life of days gone by, to the Judaism of the Tanach, based on justice, integrity and morality.”

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

הבהרה חשובה :

אתר זה מיועד למטרות למידה בלבד, ולא לשום מטרה מסחרית.

בשימוש באתר זה, הנך מצהיר שכניסתך לאתר היא לצורך לימוד וקבלת סקירה על חידון הציונות והמורשת בלבד ולא לכל מטרה אחרת.