Rosh Pina 2018-02-19T22:12:01+00:00

Rosh Pina

The story of a rural village settlement (moshava)

In 1875, Eliezer Rokach, from Safad, together with several of his friends from the Old Yishuv, purchased half the land of the Arab village, Gei On, located at the foothills of Safad, near the Safad-Tiberias road. In 1878, 17 Jewish families from Safad settled there. They named the settlement Gei Oni, very much like the Arab name. The aim of the settlers was to change their way of life and end their dependence on money from the Distribution. However, drought, famine and disease (including plague which wiped out their cattle) and their lack of experience in farming forced the settlers to leave the place. Most of those who survived the diseases returned to Safad. There they were received with hostility resulting from the bitter ideological dispute that had been caused by their leaving Safad, a religious community dependent on money from the Distribution, to form an agricultural settlement. Only three families remained in Gei Oni.

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From Gei Oni to Rosh Pina

In 1882, a group of 30 Hassidic families from  Moineşti, Romania decided to make “aliyah” and to work at farming. They arrived at Gei Oni, whose land had been purchased by their agent, David Shuv. They decided to change the name to Rosh Pina from Psalm 118, verse 23. “The stone that the builders rejected has now become the cornerstone… “. The change in the name hinted at the settlers’ intention to lay the cornerstone and renew the settlement of the moshava. Those settlers who weren’t farmers suffered from a variety of hardships and financial problems. In 1883The Baron Rothschild came to the rescue of Rosh Pina and the moshava was the first to come under his patronage. In return for transferring all the land and the buildings to the Baron, he made sure the moshava would continue to exist and develop and he paid off all its debts. He built a spacious home for every family, arranged for different services, such as a doctor, a teacher, a kosher slaughterer and a rabbi. The control of the moshava was in the hands of his clerks. Over the years a synagogue was built (1887), the first national Hebrew school in the Galilee (1899) was founded by Yitzhak Epstein, a plant to produce silk threads, a winery, an olive oil press and the first hotel in the Galilee, among other things, were built.
At the start of the 20th century, Rosh Pina was the fourth largest moshava in the Land of Israel. In 1900, following the faulty administration of the Baron’s clerks and the many disagreements between the clerks and the farmers, the Baron Rothschild transferred the moshava to the aegis of PICA, which was subordinate to the Baron Hirsch.

במחרשתי | מילים ולחן: אליקום צונזר,
1888 נוסח עברי: נח שפירא
בְּמַחֲרַשְׁתִּי
כָּל אָשְׁרִי יָרַשְׁתִּי
אֶרְאֶה חַיִּים טוֹבִים
וְלֹא אֶחְסַר מַה בָּהּ;

וּבְקוּמִי מִשְּׁנָתִי
לֹא תָּבוֹא דַּאֲגָתִי
לְבַקֵּשׁ אֶת מִחְיָתִי
עַל צָרְכֵי יוֹם הַבָּא.

לַחֹרֶף מוּכָן כְּבָר,
הָאָסָם מָלֵא בָּר,
קָצְרוּ יָדַי וְלֹא זָר,
עַל אֶרֶץ רַבָּה.

בְּעֹשֶׁר
מִי יִחְיֶה בְּיֹשֶׁר
חַיֵּי שַׁלְוַת הַשְׁקֵט
כָּמוֹנִי – הָאִכָּר?

בְּתֵת יָהּ גִּשְׁמֵי בְּרָכָה,
מָלֵאתִי הַצְלָחָה,
אֲלֻמּוֹתַי אוֹלִיכָה
לְהַחֲיוֹת עוֹלָם בַּבָּר:

כַּסּוֹחֵר, כֶּחָרָשׁ,
כַּמַּלָּח, כַּפָּרָשׁ,
יַחְדָּיו עָשִׁיר וָרָשׁ –
וְכַסְפִּי יָשָׁר.

Gei Oni is the name of a novel written by Shulamit Lapid. It tells the story of Fania, who escapes from the pogroms in Russia, comes to the Land of Israel with the First Aliyah and settles in the Upper Galilee. The story deals with the hardships endured by the settlers of Rosh Pina, which was called Gei Oni. The movie, Gei Oni, based on the book, directed by Dan Wolman, was released in 2011.

The Settlements of the First Aliyah

Petach Tikva (The mother of the Moshavot) (1878)
Rosh Pina (Gei Oni) (1882)
Zichroon Ya’akov (1882)
Ekron (1883)
Yesod Hama’ala (1883)
Gedera (Bilu’im settlement) (1884)
Ness Ziona (1887)
Bat Shlomo (1889)
Rehovot (1890)
Shfeya (1890)
Hadera (1891)
Ein Zeitim (1892)
Motza (1892)
Kastina (1896)
Kfar Tavor (1901)
Menahemia (1901)
Yavniel (1901)
Atlit (1903)
Giv’at Ada (1903)

To be a role model for the Jewish people, wherever they may be

Taken from Rosh Pina’s charter, decided at the General Assembly, September, 1882

  • The aim of the group of settlers – to improve the material and moral situation of the moshava, to be a role model for the Jewish people, wherever they may be, to encourage… to settle the Land of Israel and to build the nation…

  • The members of the group are obligated to work as hard as they can… for the benefit of all and to advance the idea of settling the Land of Israel…All commercial activities and workshops will be based on social principles, so that every member of the moshava will reap the benefits, and no one will take advantage of another…

  • With, God forbid, the death of a member of the moshava, the group must take care of the widow and the orphans and to support them as much as possible…If a member of the group complains and argues with another, the committee will warn him 3 times, and then the General Assembly, if there is a majority decision, will be able to remove him from his land…

  • Members of the moshava will not go to work the fields until there is a majority decision as to which work they will do and what will be planted. During the plowing, all will plow together… all the work will be done by everyone together…

  • Every member must do guard duty, to leave the moshava… and do guard duty according to the decisions of the committee. No one can cancel his guard duty, he can only switch with a neighbour or someone else… No one can be paid to do guard duty for someone else.

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This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

הבהרה חשובה :

אתר זה מיועד למטרות למידה בלבד, ולא לשום מטרה מסחרית.

בשימוש באתר זה, הנך מצהיר שכניסתך לאתר היא לצורך לימוד וקבלת סקירה על חידון הציונות והמורשת בלבד ולא לכל מטרה אחרת.