The Bilu’im were a special group of people from the First Aliyah. Jewish students in Kharkov founded the organization in 1882. Their aim was to establish in the Land of Israel a Jewish society based on justice and social equality in which the culture and the language were Hebrew. The members of Bil’u were flag-bearers of Zionism in their devotion, perseverance, enthusiasm and in their social vision.
In June, 1882, Israel Belkind led a group of 14 Bilu’im who made “aliyah”, marking the start of the First Aliyah. At first, they worked in agriculture at the Mikve Israel school. They lived in a rented house in the middle of a grove in Jaffa. Later, they moved to Rishon LeZion and then to Gedera, the first Bil’u settlement, which they built with their own hands.