The Jerusalem Front
The battle for Jerusalem was waged in the first 72 hours of the Six Day War between the IDF and the Jordanian Legion. On June 5, at 9:40, the war in Jerusalem began when the Jordanian army opened fire with small arms and then followed with heavy shelling of West Jerusalem, where Israel exercised sovereignty. Nevertheless, Israel responded with moderate measures and attempts to hold direct or indirect talks in order to prevent escalation. Through U.N. mediation, a ceasefire was achieved, but shortly thereafter, it was violated by Jordan when it conquered Armon Hanatziv. Israel counterattacked and reconquered Armon Hanatziv.
This was a turning point as from that point on Israel was on the offense until the end of the battles. Jerusalem Brigade forces (Brigade 16), supported by tanks, went on to conquer the mountains south of Armon Hanatziv and additional Jordanian positions, reaching Kibbutz Ramat Rachel. Meanwhile, the Harel Brigade was advancing from the west, towards northern Jerusalem. During the first night, they captured Hardar, north of Ma’ale Hahamisha and the valley up to the mountain ridge. By the next morning, Brigade 55 had opened the Ammunition Hill road, the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood and Shechem (Nablus) Road, reaching the Rockefeller Museum.
During the second day, June 6, the Harel Brigade advanced in the south and captured Givat Hamivtar. On that same afternoon, the Jerusalem Brigade captured the Arab Abu Tor neighborhood. That night the Israeli air force bombed Jordanian reinforcements that were trying to reach Jerusalem from the direction of Jericho. On the morning of June 7, Brigade 55, supported by the Harel Brigade, captured the area from Augusta Victoria till the Mount of Olives. On the morning of June 7, at 11:00, two infantry brigades entered the Old City. Paratroopers from Brigade 55 entered through the Lions’ Gate and reached the Temple Mount and the Western Wall. Soldiers from the Jerusalem Brigade entered the Old City through Dung Gate and freed the Jewish Quarter. In the battles for Jerusalem, Israel lost 182 soldiers, about one quarter of all the soldiers who fell in the Six Day War.
The Northern Front – The Syrian Front
Throughout the war, the settlements in the Hula Valley were bombed by the Syrians. On Tuesday, June 6, 1967, a Syrian tank battalion tried to attack Tel Dan and Kibbutz Dan. The attack was repelled by the regional defense forces, infantry forces and tank units that were stationed in the area. Only on June 9, after the battles had ended on the Egyptian front and the Jordanian front, was it possible to concentrate enough forces from all over the country and to send reinforcements to the Syrian front. In the morning hours of that day, the Israeli air force heavily and continuously barraged the Golan Heights. At the same time, seven brigades, commanded by the commander of the Northern Command, General David Elazar, attacked the Golan Heights. On June 10, at 2:00, the fighting on the Syrian front ended and the war was over.